Smart in Every Way

Diamond, the most prestigious stone in the world

Why does diamond remain the most prestigious stone in the world?

Considered to be the hardest and the strongest stone in the world, diamonds are mainly composed of carbon. Their rarity and beauty confirm their prestige. The most famous diamonds are the 45-carat Hope diamond, the mythical Kohlm-I-Noor and the 546 carat Golden Jubilee.

  • Origins

The formation of diamonds dates back to the first stages of earth exploitation, that is to say back to 4.5 billion years ago. Discovered through volcanic eruptions, diamonds are then housed in kimberlite pipes where they are altered then dispersed by rivers.

The use of diamond dates back to antiquity, it was used as a tool to cut out some gems like Lazulite and Carnelian. The Greeks thought that the diamond came from the splinters of stars that had fallen o earth.

  • Characteristics

Diamond is known to be the most resistant mineral of the earth, with a hardness of 10 on the Mohs scale, which measures the hardness of gems. It is also the best thermal conductor.

Diamond is the only mineral in the world to reflect that much light and sparkle. Diamond may return up to 100% of the incident light in the direction from which it came from.

Its value depends on its size, color, clarity, weight and especially on its rarity. This last point is important, because it is very difficult to extract large quantities of diamonds from the same rock. Weight is an important criterion to judge its value. A two-carat stone will be worth more than two stones of one carat.

  • Utility

Diamond is one of the most used minerals in jewelry and luxury design such as watches, earrings or  rings. Diamond is also used in the automotive and IT industries.

Author: Jeremie Politi
Source: BAUNAT

Related

  • What determines the price of a diamond?
    Diamonds have a high value, but few know how the price of a diamond is actually determined. The 4 C’s are important, but there’s more! Did you still not find a beautiful...
  • How does a diamond get its blue color?
    origin blue diamondBlue diamonds are extremely rare and have an almost mythical status. It is the Holy Grail for every woman and jeweller. But what gets this diamond to its coveted blue colour? An...
  • The princess cut
    The princess cutThe princess cut diamond was designed in the Golden Sixties and is actually the square version of the brilliant. Hereby the brilliance of a round cut diamond is being combined with...
  • Diamond : which shape to choose for your jewel?
    Diamond : which shape to choose for your jewel?The round brilliant cut diamond has long been popular, but the advent of fancy sizes such as princess, marquise and cushion has changed this trend.
  • Cutting a diamond
    Diamond cutting is the step in the production process that turns a rough diamond into a sparkling gem. This is a highly specialized craft that requires tedious precision of a...